A Basic Demonstration On Salaah According To The Maliki Madhab
This is a basic demonstration of Salaah according to the Maliki madhab (school of thought) demonstrated by Abdullah Ali al-Amin al-Sicili. This is only a simple and basic explanation, not a depth study or explanation.
Below is a description of Salaat based on the description given by the Shehu Usman Dan Fodio raheema’Allah ta’alaa….
You start by making the intentions for the particular prayer you are about to perform and then, raising your hands to about the height of your shoulders, you say “Allahu Akbar” and lower your hands to your sides. Then your recite the Fatiha followed by a sura or other piece of Qu’ran. During the recitation you stand upright with your head level and your eyes lowered. When you have finished reciting the sura you say, “Allahu Akbar” and go into ruku’ (bowing position). In ruku’ you place your hands on your knees and your back should be more or less parallel with the ground. You do not raise or lower your head and your arms should be slightly away from your sides. While in ruku’ you glorify Allah saying, “Subhana rabbiyi’l-adhim,” (Glory be to my Lord the Great) three times. Then you stand upright again, saying, “Sami’a’llahu liman hamidah. Rabbana wa lakal-hamd.” (Allah hears the one who praises Him. Our Lord to you belongs all praise.) If the prayer is being led by an Imam, he says the first half and those following him respond with the second half.
Then, saying “Allahu Akbar”, you go down into sujud (prostration), placing your hands on the ground before your knees. Your forehead and nose should touch ground. Your hands should be level with your head with the fingers slightly apart pointing toward qibla and your arms should be away from your body with the elbows well off the ground, like outspread wings. Your feet should be upright with Allah saying, “Subhana rabbiyi’l-a’la” (Glory be to my Lord, the Exalted) three times.
Then you lift yourself up saying, “Allahu Akbar”, and sit back. You fold your left foot under you while you sit between prostrations, and you keep your right foot upright. You push yourself up from the sujud with your fingertips and lift your hands from the ground onto your knees. Then you prostrate a second time as you did the first time. You then stand by pushing yourself up with your hands. You do not go into sitting position and then stand up from there. Doing as we have stated, you say “Allahu Akbar” as you stand up.
You then recite in the same way as you did before, starting with the Fatiha and following it with a sura or other passage from the Qur’an which should preferably be slightly shorter than the one you recited in the first rak’at and come from later in the Book. You then complete the rak’at as you did the first, going into ruku’, standing `up from it, and going into sujud twice as has already been described above. However, this time, after the second sajda, you do not stand up but sit back on your left buttock with your left foot under your right leg. While sitting like this you say the tashahhud. Your left hand should be placed palm down on your left thigh with the fingers together. Your right hand should be made into a fist and then placed on your right thigh, thumb on top, with the index finger extended and pointing forwards. As you recite the tashahhud you move the top half of your index finger back and forth. The text of the tashahhud has already been given above.
If the prayer you are doing consists of only two rak’ats you now say the salaams and the prayer is finished. If the prayer is longer you stand upright again after finishing the tashahhud and when you have reached the upright position you say “Allahu Akbar”.
You then complete the prayer in the way that has already been described except that you only recite the Fatiha. After the tashahhud in the final rak’at you recite the prayer on the Prophet called the Salat al-Ibrahimiyya whose text has also been given above. Then you say the salaams to end the prayer.
Women do the prayer in exactly the same way as men except that they gather themselves in, keeping their bottoms down and their arms close to their sides.